A note on Cantonese

I use the ‘Jyut Ping’ (粵拼) Cantonese writing system as I have found it to be the most accurate.

For an excellent way to learn Cantonese pronunciation, see Fluent Forever. For a dictionary see CantoDict or use the Hanping Cantonese App for Android.

Intro

The 6 Ci Sau Openings are:

  1. Left hand directly
  2. Left hand coming round their arm
  3. Left hand ‘diagonal, outside’ (over or under your own arm) – i.e. LH to LH
  4. Right hand directly
  5. Right hand coming round their arm
  6. Right hand ‘diagonal, outside’ (over or under your own arm) i.e. RH to RH
Wing Chun Chi Sao
Ci Sau aka Luk Sau Pun Sau

Notes:

  • These openings only refer to moves that go forwards (rather than backwards e.g. Hau Paak Sau)
  • All examples can be reversed if using Left Hand Bong Ci Sau
  • LH = Left Hand
  • RH = Right Hand

1 – left hand directly

Chi Sao London
Left Hand Directly

Example move:

Notes:

  • Be sure to turn them so that their LH is less of a threat

2 – left hand coming round their arm

Wing Chun Chi Sao London
Left Hand coming round their Arm

Example move:

Notes:

  • Be aware that they can hit you first as you Hyun under their arm – be quicker than them and follow up with Hau Paak Sau if they do punch

3 – LEFT hand ‘diagonal, outside’ (over or under your own arm)

Wing Chun Chi Sao London
Left Hand ‘diagonal, outside’

Example move:

  • ‘Diagonal, outside’ LH Punch (over or under your other arm) – attacking their LH Fuk Sau

Notes:

  • Go over your own arm if:
    • you are both facing each other
    • their arm is low (often when your opponent is shorter than you)
  • Go under your own arm if:
    • they are turned
    • their arm is high (often when your opponent is taller than you)
  • In order to turn them you can first use RH Bong Sau (with Zyun Maa)

4 – Right hand directly

Wing Chun Chi Sao London
Right Hand Directly

Example move:

  • LH Gwaat Daa – attacking their RH Taan Sau

Note:

5 – right hand coming round their arm

Right Hand round their Arm

Example move:

  • RH Hyun Sau (anti-clockwise for RH) into RH Zam Daa

Note:

  • Only use this move if their LH is pushing down and their elbow is in – if not they can hit you very easily with their LH

6 – Right hand ‘diagonal, outside’ (OVER OR UNDER YOUR OWN ARM)

Wing Chun Chi Sao London
Right Hand ‘diagonal, outside’

Example move:

  • ‘Diagonal, outside’ RH Punch

Note:

  • Go over or under your own arm according to the notes in no.3 above
  • To make him turn you can first use LH Hap (‘same side, outside’)