A note on Cantonese

I use the ‘Jyut Ping’ (粵拼) Cantonese writing system as I have found it to be the most accurate.

For an excellent way to learn Cantonese pronunciation, see Fluent Forever. For a dictionary see CantoDict or use the Hanping Cantonese App for Android.

Intro

The 4 Circles in Practical Wing Chun are:

  1. Rotation of the forearm
  2. Circle as viewed from above
  3. Circle as viewed from the sidestraight (in line with your 1st centreline)
  4. Circle as viewed from the sidetilted (in line with your diagonal moves)

Why?

  • Helps you to visualise the correct execution of the moves
  • As in Tai Chi (太極拳), allows you to flow more easily from one move to another

Note:

  • For circles 3 and 4 your elbow is at the centre of the circle.

1st circle – forearm rotation

1st Circle Practical Wing Chun London

Example moves:

  • Rotating Gaau Caa Sau (Cross Hands) – palms facing down to palms facing up
  • Hoi (High to Low Diagonal Chop) – palms facing up to palms facing down

Why?

  • Allows you to better deflect incoming force
  • Allows you to better apply more pressure onto your opponent

2nd circle – as viewed from above

2nd Circle Practical Wing Chun London

Example moves:

  • Zyun Maa (Turning) – here the 5th centreline is the centre of the circle
  • BJ Pek – horizontal chop – here the shoulder is the centre of the circle

Why?

  • Keeps your weight distribution symmetrical when turning
  • Keeps your arm at 135° when chopping – longer lever potentially delivers more power

3rd circle – as viewed from the side – straight

3rd Circle Practical Wing Chun London

Example moves:

Why?

  • Helps to make sure your elbow angle opens up at the same rate that your shoulder hinges
  • If the elbow angle opens faster than the shoulder hinges then the hand will end up too low
  • If the shoulder hinges faster than the elbow joint opens then the hand will end up too high

4th circle – as viewed from the side – tilted

4th Circle Practical Wing Chun London

Example moves:

Why?

  • Same as 3rd Circle