I use the ‘Jyut Ping’ (粵拼) Cantonese writing system as I have found it to be the most accurate.

For an excellent way to learn Cantonese pronunciation, see Fluent Forever. For a dictionary see CantoDict or use the Hanping Cantonese App for Android.


The 2 Positions of ‘Rolling’ are:

  1. Fuk Sau (straight forearm)/Taan Sau (straight forearm)
  2. Fuk Sau (straight forearm)/Bong Sau (diagonal forearm)
Chi Sao Taan Sau
Fuk Sau/Taan Sau
Chi Sao Bong Sau
Fuk Sau/Bong Sau


  • ‘Rolling’ is a way of starting to spar that:
    1. is fair (excluding arm length differences)
    2. has a touch
    3. has momentum
  • To change between the 2 positions, ‘spring-load’ the angle of both elbows to 90° before going to the new positions at 135°. This will help give you more pressure forward rather than just going in a circle.

The ‘Braces’ Lines

Braces Line


  • The ‘braces’ lines are halfway between the 1st centreline (middle line) and the elbow out position (where the arms are in the photo)
  • By keeping our elbows on these lines and therefore in front of the body, we can exert more pressure forwards.

1 – Fuk Sau/Taan Sau

Chi Sao Taan Sau
Chi Sao Taan Sau


  • The Taan Sau hand is under the Fuk Sau hand
  • Both forearms face straight forwards
  • They also face diagonally upwards (viewed from the side) in order to cover a larger area
  • Elbows are as low as possible in order to better connect to your stance

2 – Fuk Sau/Bong Sau

Chi Sao Bong Sau
Chi Sao Bong Sau


  • The Bong Sau hand is above the Fuk Sau hand
  • The Bong Sau forearm is diagonal like 1-Handed ‘Cross Hands’
  • The 3rd Centreline is in line with the 1st Centreline
  • Elbows are as low as possible (as above)