Biu Zi 2nd Section (2 of 3)

A note on Cantonese

I use the ‘Jyut Ping’ (粵拼) Cantonese writing system as I have found it to be the most accurate. For an excellent way to learn Cantonese pronunciation, see Fluent Forever. For a dictionary see CantoDict or use the Hanping Cantonese App for Android.

推耕手/teoi1 gaang1 sau2 (toi gang sao)/pushing ploughing hand

ANGLES:

  1. Like SNT Gaang Sau but pushes opponent away more and use both hands instead of one

  2. Do left Gaang first

  3. To set up:

  4. front hand in 1 hand Gaau Caa Sau position

  5. back hand in preparation for a Zam (arm by side – elbow angle at 45° with palm open)

  6. Rotate both arms as you Gaang

APPLICATIONS:

  1. Diagonal, inside only

  2. Can’t use same side, outside like SNT Gaang as you can’t push them away

  3. Like SNT Gaang, can do Teoi Gaang Daa – upper hand a punch instead of a Zam Sau

  4. Use Teoi Gaang if you need to push them away to deal with a 2nd opponent

圈窒手/hyun1 zat6 sau2 (huen jut sao)/circular blocking HAND

ANGLES:

  1. Like single-hand SNT Zat Sau but palm down and with Zyun Maa

  2. From the last Gaang, Hyun with your wrist and draw a small half-circle with your elbow as you Zat

  3. Zyun Maa 90° after Gaang so that you are facing at a 45° angle away from straight forward

  4. Your Zong hand is like a Zing San Fuk Sau relative to your 1st centreline

  5. Back hand is Hau Sau (90° Taan Sau)

  6. Hyun Zat Sau is similar to Zong Sau earlier in form

APPLICATIONS:

  1. Same side, outside

  2. Used if you have been Laaped and you want to attack their Laaping hand with your free hand

  3. Make sure you turn so that you are facing their 2nd hand

  4. They Punch/You (inside) Teoi Gaang/They Laap your upper hand/Hyun Zat Sau

拂手/Fat1 SAU2 (fat sao)/brushing away HAND

ANGLES:

  1. Bring your hands down to your groinelbows at 135°, palms facing forwards – same as preparation hand for Cin Bong Sau (opposite to preparation for Laap Caap)

  2. Arms then rotate arms (1st circle) and sweep up to the side

  3. Look in the direction you Fat Sau

  4. Furthest arm ends in a Hoi position and your back arm ends in a Hau Paak Position

  5. Zyun Maa – note that Fat Sau’s 3rd centreline is 90° from your starting position (like CK Laan Sau) – not 90° from your new 1st centreline after turning

APPLICATIONS:

  1. Same side, inside – frontally or from the side

  2. Used if your hands are down and you are late to get your hands up (behind on timing)

  3. Unlike Pai Sau later in the form, you don’t have time load your arms to 45°, before going to 135°

  4. They high side kick/you catch their leg in the crook of your arm in to CK So Sau their leg

割手/GOT3 SAU2 (got sao)/CUTTING HAND

ANGLES:

  1. From Fat Sau, palm rotates palm down to palm up (similar to Hap) with Zyun Maa (turn body)

  2. Arm ends up in a Zong Sau position to prepare for Got Sau

  3. BZ Got Sau is similar as SNT Got Sau but with Zyun Maa and using 2 hands:

  4. Front arm cuts down and back towards you

  5. Maintain 135° in elbow

  6. Wrist bent (ulnar deviation)

  7. Hand covers your groin in end position

  8. Back arm shoots forward to a 1 hand Gaau Caa Sau position

APPLICATIONS:

  1. Diagonal, inside

  2. Like single-hand BZ Laap/BZ Mang round the neck, Got is used to bring them towards you so you can elbow them

  3. If their 2nd hand is still active, your 1 hand outside Gaau Caa Sau sets up a Laap (+ Downward Horizontal Pok Zoeng in form)

  4. Train against their ‘stiff fist’ (like with SNT Hau Hyun Sau) to help you keep your elbow in and affect their balance

  5. Like Cin Hyun Sau, works better against punches between your upper 3rd centreline (sternum) and your 2nd centreline – as Got is going downwards as well as backwards

  6. Ci Saudiagonal Got Sau + Laap into Side Palm

  7. Saan Sau – train against 2 opponents – 1st you inside Fat Sau, 2nd you inside Got Sau

横撲掌/WAANG4 POK3 ZOENG2 (wang pok jeung)/HORIZONTAL LEAPING PALM (low)

ANGLES:

  1. Prepare the Pok by having:

  2. Wrist flexed at the height of your chin

  3. Elbow out

  4. Your whole arm to the side of your opponent

  5. Strike downwards from the side to their ribs

  6. Wrist angle goes from flexed to extended

  7. Elbow out

  8. Combine with SNT Laap

  9. Related to Waang Pok Zoeng (High) in the 1st section

APPLICATIONS:

  1. A strike from the side to the ribs with the heel of the palm

  2. Better against opponents taller than you as their lower body is easier to hit

批手/pai1 SAU2 (pi sao)/passing on HAND

ANGLES:

  1. Similar to CK Laan Sau but with an open hand

  2. Rotate front hand forward to a 1 hand Gaau Caa Sau palm down position

  3. Zyun Maa as you do so

  4. Back hand:

  5. Elbow angle at 90°

  6. Palm down

  7. Fingers under your front hand

  8. Like CK Cin Bong Sau, your 1st centreline is at a 45° angle from the front, however your arms are going straight forwards

  9. To prepare for the 2nd Pai Sau, both palms turn upwards

  10. Then rotate (1st circle) the forearms as you do the 2nd Pai Sau (with Zyun Maa)

APPLICATIONS:

  1. Diagonal, outside and same side, outside (Ci Sau only)

  2. Can be used as a strike with the wrist joint/3rd centreline or as a defensive move

  3. Your elbow is being trapped high/do Pai Sau under your own elbow + Zi Zi Maa to escape

  4. They straight or cross punch/you inside Hau Paak + Pai Sau facing their punching shoulder into elbow strikes or downwards Bin Kyun (from your Paak hand)

Saan Sau Ideas:

  1. Punch/inside Tiu + Pai

  2. Punch/same side Gam (or Cin Paak etc) + striking Pai

  3. Punch/you same side Hau Paak + same side Cin Paak/Punch/diagonal, outside Pai

Ci Sau Ideas:

  1. Same side, outside Pai sinking and pressuring their elbow (same as Laan Sau)

  2. Diagonal, outside Laai + Pai (inside or outside their hand)

斬手/zaam2 (jarm)/cut

ANGLES:

  1. Use the last Pai Sau to reload to 90° before extending to 135° for Zaam

  2. Same as SNT Zam Sau but palm up

  3. Zyun Maa (turn body)

APPLICATIONS:

  1. Same side, outside and diagonal, inside

  2. You are being grabbed diagonally (e.g. right hand to right hand) + Punch/inside Zaam Sau with your free hand into Pek Sau (chop)

Saan Sau Ideas:

  1. Punch/inside Zaam/2nd Punch/Pek into Doek (across your body) their neck

  2. Punch/same side Gam (or Cin Paak etc) + striking Pai

  3. Punch/you same side Hau Paak + same side Cin Paak/Punch/diagonal, outside Pai

Ci Sau ideas:

  1. Same side, outside Zaam into Pai (coming under your own arm)

劈手/pek3 (pek)/cleave

ANGLES:

  1. Rotate arm (1st circle) from Zaam – palm up to palm down as you Pek

  2. Forearm is flat at the level of your shoulder

  3. Hinge at the shoulder135° elbow throughout the Pek (more power with a longer lever arm than just hinging from the elbow)

  4. Zyun Maa

  5. 3rd centreline ends at a 45° angle from your 1st centreline (frontally)

  6. Hit with the wrist joint

APPLICATIONS:

  1. Same side, inside to a wide punch

  2. Used as a strike if facing away from your opponent (or a 2nd opponent)

  3. He pressures your high elbow/BZ Laap coming under your elbow with your free hand + Pek to their neck

Saan Sau Ideas:

  1. Punch/you inside Zaam/wide Punch/inside Pek/uppercut/Doek (across your body) their uppercut

Ci Sau Ideas:

  1. Same side, outside Gam + Pek

剁/doek3/chop (across your body)

ANGLES:

  1. Like Deng Kyun (Hammer Punch – not in the form) but with an open hand and keeps going to end in a Haa Gaau Caa Sau position (low, 1 handed)

  2. Rotate the forearm as you chop

  3. Zyun Maa (turn body)

  4. Hit with your wrist joint so that there is no chance of hitting with your fingers

  5. Different from the Doek earlier in the form (Laap Caap section) which is behind your body

APPLICATIONS:

  1. Inside or outside

  2. Used to strike the arm of an incoming low strike in front of you or their neck if coming from a high position (e.g. after Pek or upwards Bin Kyun to a 2nd opponent) and they are shorter than you

  3. Used if they have a weaponhurt their arm (rather than deflect) to increase the chance of them dropping it

  4. Keep your elbow in – increases the power of the strike

  5. Train against a pad facing diagonally upwards

#Syllabus

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