Biu Zi 1st Section (1 of 2)

Updated: May 14


鏢指/biu1 zi2 (biu jee)/darting fingers

In our school there are only 2 sections so that the Gaang/Fat/Pai triad are not broken up.

Biu Zi focuses on the following:

  1. Operating at a shorter range than Siu Nim Tao (e.g. elbow strikes, Got Sau)

  2. Finger strikes (e.g. Caap)

  3. At a disadvantage e.g:

  4. Coming from a collapsed arms position (e.g. Pai Sau)

  5. You are being Laaped and have to use your other arm (e.g. BZ Zat Sau/Zaam Sau)

  6. Acting later than your opponent – behind on timing (e.g. Fat Sau)

  7. New wrist angle (ulnar deviation) other than neutral (Taan), flexed (Fuk) and extended (Wu) from the previous forms

Arms should be at 135° (mid point between straight and 90°) unless otherwise stated.

下交叉手/haa5 gaau1 caa1 sau2 (ha gau cha sao)/Lower blocking HAND

Angles:

  1. Elbows on the braces line

  2. Forearms point diagonally downwards if viewed from the side

  3. ‘Blade’ (ulna) of forearm facing the floor

  4. Arms touch at the 3rd centreline

  5. Left arm over right

  6. Covers strikes below your 2nd centreline and hence the lower half of your ‘rectangle‘

Applications:

  1. Same as Siu Nim Tao 1st Section

  2. One arm same side, outside or diagonal outside to a low strike below your 2nd centreline

  3. For situations where you hands are up and back (fists drawn back position) and need to get down and forwards quickly

  4. Use two arms for defence against a knee

  5. Can tilt torso forward at the hip in order to fully cover the lower half of your ‘rectangle’

雙護手/soeng1 wu6 sau2 (seung wu sao)/double protecting HAND

Angles:

  1. Elbows on the ‘braces’ line

  2. Tips of the fingers in line with the chin

  3. Forearms pointing diagonally up if looking from the side

  4. Forearms touch at the 3rd centreline and at the height of the upper arm 3rd centreline (see rectangle)

  5. Left arm over right

  6. Covers strikes above your 2nd centreline and hence the upper half of your ‘rectangle’

Applications:

  1. Double outside1 hand forward trapping their back hand (same side, outside), 1 hand back

  2. 1 hand diagonal, inside (trapping their back hand) + inside Hau Paak Sau – emphasise fingers going up – designed to get your hands up quickly when you are behind on timing

寸勁/cyun3 ging6 (chun geng)/inch power

Angles:

  1. Same as ‘Elbow In’ Punch but trained going from only a 90° elbow angle to 135°, and at 1-3 inches from target

Applications:

  1. Same as ‘Elbow In’ Punch but trained at 1-3 inches from pad

鏢指/BIU1 ZI2 (biu jee)/DARTING FINGERS (palm up)

Angles:

  1. Elbow angle at 175°

  2. Elbow in line with your 1st centreline

  3. Wrist turned out 45° (like Tiu Sau)

  4. Wrist neutral

  5. Fingers at the level of your eyes

Applications:

  1. Same 3 variations as Paak Daa i.e. double outside, double inside and 1 in 1 out

下沉踭/haa5 cam4 Zaang1 (ha chum jaang)/downward sinking elbow

Angles:

  1. Elbow angle at 90°

  2. Elbow in line with your 1st centreline

  3. Wrist at (like ‘Elbow Out’ Punch)

  4. Wrist neutral

  5. Fingertips at the level of your chin

Applications:

  1. Similar to these 8 Punches but with an open hand:

  2. Gwaat Daa (same side, outside)

  3. Cyun Daa (same side, inside)

  4. Laai Daa (diagonal, outside)

上推腕/soeng5 teoi1 wun2 (seung toi wun)/upward pushing wrist

Angles:

  1. Elbow angle at 135°

  2. Elbow in line with your 1st centreline

  3. Wrist at (like ‘Elbow Out’ Punch)

  4. Wrist bent to the side (ulnar deviation)

  5. Index finger at the level of your chin (form is like a defensive move rather than strike to the eye)

Applications:

  1. Used as a defensive move only – Soeng Caap (after Kap Zaang in form) is similar but for strike to the eyes

  2. ‘Diagonal, outside’ aiming for their back hand or neck

  3. Can combine with SLT Hau Paak Sau to reach past their neck, into BZ Straight Mang Sau (see below) to jerk their neck down (Muk Jan Zong – Dummy)

横推腕/waang4 TEOI1 WUN2 (wang toi wun)/horizontal PUSHING WRIST

Angles:

  1. Forearm same as 1 hand Gaau Caa Sau

  2. Elbow angle at 135°

  3. Elbow in line with your ‘braces’ line

  4. 3rd centreline in line with your 1st centreline

  5. Palm facing down

  6. Wrist bent to the side (ulnar deviation)

  7. Wrist turns at the same time that forearm moves

Applications:

  1. Used as a defensive move only – Soeng Caap (after Kap Zaang in form) is similar but for strike to the eyes

  2. ‘Same side, outside’, ‘diagonal, inside’ and ‘diagonal, outside’ (with LH Hau Paak)

  3. From Ci Sau, can do ‘same side, outside’ by grabbing their hand and pulling their arm forward and across your body

  4. Can ‘same side, outside’ into Waang Mang Sau (see below) into Biu to ribs

  5. Can ‘diagonal, inside’ into inside BZ Laap + BZ Caap to eyes

  6. Can LH Paak into ‘diagonal, outside’/they punch/you inside BZ Laap + Waang Zaang (elbow)

横沉踭/WAANG4 cam4 zaang1 (wang chum jarn)/horizontal sinking elbow

Angles:

  1. Elbow angle at 90°

  2. Hand in line with your 1st centreline and upper 3rd centreline (on your rectangle)

  3. Elbow in ‘elbow out’ position

  4. Wrist neutral

  5. Palm facing down

Applications:

  1. Similar application to CK Cam Zaang but move is much smaller and no Zyun Maa (turning)

  2. Same side, inside and diagonal, outside

  3. Can follow up with Caap (straight or wide)

横掹手/waang4 Mang1 sau2 (wang mung sao)/horizontal pulling hand (wide)

Angles:

  1. Elbow angle at 90°

  2. Fingers grab to make a fist

  3. Forearm goes down the line of the CK Gaau Caa Sau forearm

  4. Hand in line with upper 3rd centreline (on your rectangle)

  5. From above, hand is at 45° angle from your 1st centreline

  6. Elbow in ‘elbow out’ position

Applications:

  1. Same side, outside and diagonal, inside

  2. Has a ‘whipping’/’jerking’ quality on your opponent’s arm when combining your fingers and forearm together

  3. Can follow up with Biu Zi (see below) to strike under their ribs

  4. In Ci Sau, can ‘diagonal, inside’ their upper arm Bong

  5. Can Waang Mang their neck (rotate hand slightly so the back of your hand is facing you)

  6. Follow up with Dai Zaang (same hand) or Kap Zaang (other hand)

鏢指/BIU1 ZI2 (biu jee)/DARTING FINGERS (to the body)

Angles:

  1. Elbow angle at 135°

  2. Fingertips in line with 1st centreline

  3. Elbow in ‘elbow out’ position

  4. Wrist neutral

  5. Palm facing down

Applications:

  1. Used after Mang Sau to stab under their ribs

#Syllabus

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