A NOTE ON CANTONESE

I use the ‘Jyut Ping’ (粵拼) Cantonese writing system as I have found it to be the most accurate.

For an excellent way to learn Cantonese pronunciation, see Fluent Forever. For a dictionary see CantoDict or use the Hanping Cantonese App for Android.

INTRO

Pou Paai (抱排/Embrace Row) is a double strike using of 2 of the 5 palms in Siu Nim Tau.

THE 5 Palms are:

  1. Zing Zoeng (forearm diagonally upward, elbow out, fingers upward)
  2. Dai Waang Zoeng (forearm diagonally downward, elbow in, fingers sideways)
  3. Peng Waang Zoeng (forearm horizontal, elbow in, fingers sideways)
  4. Gou Waang Zoeng (forearm diagonally upward, elbow in, fingers sideways)
  5. Dai Zoeng (forearm diagonally downward, elbow in, fingers downward – used as a groin grab)

6 common Pou Paais are:

  1. Zing Zoeng + Peng Waang Zoeng
  2. Gou Waang Zoeng + Peng Waang Zoeng
  3. Double Zing Zoeng to the chest [Cam Kiu form]
  4. Double Gou Waang Zoeng
  5. Double Peng Waang Zoeng
  6. Double Dai Waang Zoeng

NOTES:

  • In our system Pou Paai is a ‘double strike’ rather than as a ‘double push’ as we want to hurt our attacker rather than just push them away
  • Hit with the heel of your palms to keep the surface area small, not with your whole hand
  • Some combinations are rarely used (e.g. Zing Zoeng or Gou Waang Zoeng + Dai Zoeng or Dai Waang Zoeng) due to the large distance between your hands
  • Use Hau Paak Sau first when using a Pou Paai with a high strike (1st 4 variations below)
  • Train to combine with a step so that you get your body behind the strike’s power

1 – Zing Zoeng + Peng Waang Zoeng

NOTES:

  • Your upper hand against their punch can be same side, inside (e.g. your left hand inside their right hand) or diagonal, outside (e.g. your right hand outside their right hand)
  • In Ci Sau only upper hand can also be same side, outside (e.g. your left hand outside their right hand)
  • Same side, inside is good here as your elbow out will help deflect their punch
  • Your front leg is the same side as your upper hand (e.g. left leg forward, left Zing Zoeng)

2 – Gou Waang Zoeng + Peng Waang Zoeng

NOTES:

  • Your upper hand against their punch can be same side, inside or diagonal, outside
  • In Ci Sau only your upper hand can also be same side, outside
  • Diagonal, outside is good here as your elbow in will help control their elbow
  • Your front leg is the same side as your upper hand (e.g. right leg forward, right Gou Waang Zoeng)

3 – Double Zing Zoeng to the chest [Cam Kiu form]

NOTES:

  • Hit to the chest as the space between the heels of your palms is larger than Double Gou Waang Zoeng (see below) and therefore can miss if aimed to their face
  • Good if you are unable to hit their face (e.g. they are wearing a motorbike helmet or much taller than you)

4 – Double Gou Waang Zoeng

NOTES:

  • Used on the double outside, or double inside if their punch is very ‘elbow in’

5 – Double Peng Waang Zoeng

NOTES:

  • Can combine with Siu Nim Tau Got Sau (after Cin Paak Sau in form) if your forearms are above theirs
  • Can be used if being grabbed round the neck to be pulled in for a knee – hit them in the torso so that you create some distance from their knee

6 – Double Dai Waang Zoeng

NOTES:

  • As above combine with Siu Nim Tau Got Sau
  • Used if your opponent is shorter than you and you want to hit them under the ribs