A note on Cantonese

I use the ‘Jyut Ping’ (粵拼) Cantonese writing system as I have found it to be the most accurate.

For an excellent way to learn Cantonese pronunciation, see Fluent Forever. For a dictionary see CantoDict or use the Hanping Cantonese App for Android.

下攔手/haa5 laan4 SAU2/Lower blocking HAND

Angles:

  • Make a fist
  • Zyun Maa and rotate forearm as you Laan (1st circle)
  • 3rd centreline in line with 90° to the side (as if you were still frontal)
  • Haa Gaau Caa Sau (low)
  • Hau Sau in back hand

Applications:

  • Someone trying to uppercut you below your 2nd centreline from the side, while your hands are up
  • From Saan Sau or Chi Sao – diagonal, inside and same side, outside
  • From Chi Sao – can combine with Gou Laan Sau (upper) – double diagonal or double same side
  • Low Punch/Diagonal, outside Low Laan (Pin1 San1 Maa5 偏身馬) into twisting kick

高攔手/Gou1 laan4 SAU2/upper blocking HAND

Angles:

  • Make a fist
  • Zyun Maa and rotate forearm as you Laan (1st circle)
  • 3rd centreline in line with 90° to the side (5th centreline)
  • High Laan – same angle as Soeng Gaau Caa Sau except fist in line with your nose (i.e. higher)
  • Hau Sau (90° 1 hand GCS) in back hand

Applications:

  • Combine with Same Side Gam Sau or Inside Hau Paak to use as a strike (with fist or 3rd centreline)
  • Diagonal, Outside to their 3rd centreline
  • Diagonal, outside to their high elbow – e.g. against a horizontal elbow if you already have a touch
  • Chi Sao only – Same side, outside (trapping 2)
  • 2 Punch combinations of all Upper and Lower Laan Saus i.e. Punch/You Laan/Punch/You Laan

外踢腳/ngoi6 tek3 goek3/outside kicking leg

Angles:

  • Gou Laan Saau again as you kick to balance yourself
  • Foot twists forward
  • Aim for the height of your own head in the form if possible
  • Ground your foot as you Moving Bong

Applications:

  • Use ball of the foot or heel – don’t use your toe
  • Can be used anywhere between frontal and 90° to your kicking side
  • Kick can be aimed at any height. Use your own body as a guide:
    • Your head
    • Your 2nd centreline
    • Your groin
    • Your knee
    • Your shin

橫馬抛膀手/waang4 maa5 paau1 bong2 sau2/horizontal step throwing shoulder arm [moving bong]

Angles:

  • When squaring up (preparation move), upper hand is same as Hau Paak Sau – palm towards your face, lower hand is same as Haa Gaau Caa Sau – palm facing upwards
  • As you Bong, shoulders rotate to 45° (viewed from above), 3rd centreline is in line with your 1st centreline
  • CK Wu (down, diagonal) as you Bong
  • Make sure to ‘load’ your preparation lower hand to 90° before you Bong back to 135°

Applications:

  • To be used when you are attacked with 1 hand high and 1 hand low
  • There is a wall behind you and they move forward to attack – you need to move to redirect their force
  • CK Wu starts high and back (reverse Hau Paak Sau) and use Zyun Maa to bring it down, diagonally to a SNT Wu Sau position. Use for a 2nd opponent or if facing away from 1 opponent

底抽拳/dai1 cau1 kyun4/low drawing out punch [uppercut]

Angles:

  • After last Bong, Bong hand snakes down with a fist to your 2nd centreline before doing the Uppercut – this is to get under their elbow if you are inside and want to get outside
  • Uppercut is same as ‘Elbow In’ Punch, but fist is turned 90° rather than 45°
  • Other hand is a Hau Paak Sau

Applications:

  • Same as the 3 Hau Paak Daas:
    • Double outside
    • Double inside
    • 1 in (Punch), 1 out (Paak)
  • Chi Sao – can do Same side, outside straight from your Fuk
  • Can hit below their 2nd centreline as well as above

破手/po3 sau2/breaking hand

Angles:

  • From the uppercut, arm goes upwards then downwards
  • On the way it rotates into a CK Zing Fuk Sau (‘elbow in’/neutral wrist/palm facing down)

Applications:

  • Diagonal, outside (covering their back hand)
  • 2nd opponent coming from the side
  • Can scratch their eyes during the move

正身伏手/zing3 san1 fuk1 sau2/frontal fuk sau

Angles:

  • Elbow in
  • Body frontal
  • Neutral wrist
  • Palm facing down

Applications:

  • N/A [Closes out the section]