A note on Cantonese

I use the ‘Jyut Ping’ (粵拼) Cantonese writing system as I have found it to be the most accurate.

For an excellent way to learn Cantonese pronunciation, see Fluent Forever. For a dictionary see CantoDict or use the Hanping Cantonese App for Android.

推耕手/teoi1 gaang1 sau2/pushing ploughing hand

ANGLES:

  • Like SNT Gaang Sau but pushes opponent away more and use both hands instead of one
  • Do left Gaang first
  • To set up:
    • front hand in 1 hand Gaau Caa Sau position
    • back hand in preparation for a Zam (arm by side – elbow angle at 45° with palm open)
  • Rotate both arms as you Gaang

APPLICATIONS:

  • Diagonal, inside only
  • Can’t use same side, outside like SNT Gaang as you can’t push them away
  • Like SNT Gaang, can do Teoi Gaang Daa – upper hand a punch instead of a Zam Sau
  • Use Teoi Gaang if you need to push them away to deal with a 2nd opponent

圈窒手/hyun1 zat6 sau2/circular blocking HAND

ANGLES:

  • Like single-hand SNT Zat Sau but palm down and with Zyun Maa
  • From the last Gaang, Hyun with your wrist and draw a small half-circle with your elbow as you Zat
  • Zyun Maa 90° after Gaang so that you are facing at a 45° angle away from straight forward
  • Your Zong hand is like a Zing San Fuk Sau relative to your 1st centreline
  • Back hand is Hau Sau (90° Taan Sau)
  • Hyun Zat Sau is similar to Zong Sau earlier in form

APPLICATIONS:

  • Same side, outside
  • Used if you have been Laaped and you want to attack their Laaping hand with your free hand
  • Make sure you turn so that you are facing their 2nd hand
  • They Punch/You (inside) Teoi Gaang/They Laap your upper hand/Hyun Zat Sau

拂手/Fat1 SAU2/brushing away HAND

ANGLES:

  • Bring your hands down to your groinelbows at 135°, palms facing forwards – same as preparation hand for Cin Bong Sau (opposite to preparation for Laap Caap)
  • Arms then rotate arms (1st circle) and sweep up to the side
  • Look in the direction you Fat Sau
  • Furthest arm ends in a Hoi position and your back arm ends in a Hau Paak Position
  • Zyun Maa – note that Fat Sau’s 3rd centreline is 90° from your starting position (like CK Laan Sau) – not 90° from your new 1st centreline after turning

APPLICATIONS:

  • Same side, inside – frontally or from the side
  • Used if your hands are down and you are late to get your hands up (behind on timing)
  • Unlike Pai Sau later in the form, you don’t have time load your arms to 45°, before going to 135°
  • They high side kick/you catch their leg in the crook of your arm in to CK So Sau their leg

割手/GOT3 SAU2/CUTTING HAND

ANGLES:

  • From Fat Sau, palm rotates palm down to palm up (similar to Hap) with Zyun Maa (turn body)
  • Arm ends up in a Zong Sau position to prepare for Got Sau
  • BZ Got Sau is similar as SNT Got Sau but with Zyun Maa and using 2 hands:
    • Front arm cuts down and back towards you
    • Maintain 135° in elbow
    • Wrist bent (ulnar deviation)
    • Hand covers your groin in end position
    • Back arm shoots forward to a 1 hand Gaau Caa Sau position

APPLICATIONS:

  • Diagonal, inside
  • Like single-hand BZ Laap/BZ Mang round the neck, Got is used to bring them towards you so you can elbow them
  • If their 2nd hand is still active, your 1 hand outside Gaau Caa Sau sets up a Laap (+ Downward Horizontal Pok Zoeng in form)
  • Train against their ‘stiff fist’ (like with SNT Hau Hyun Sau) to help you keep your elbow in and affect their balance
  • Like Cin Hyun Sau, works better against punches between your upper 3rd centreline (sternum) and your 2nd centreline – as Got is going downwards as well as backwards
  • Ci Saudiagonal Got Sau + Laap into Side Palm
  • Saan Sau – train against 2 opponents – 1st you inside Fat Sau, 2nd you inside Got Sau

横撲掌/WAANG4 POK3 ZOENG2/HORIZONTAL LEAPING PALM (low)

ANGLES:

  • Prepare the Pok by having:
    • Wrist flexed at the height of your chin
    • Elbow out
    • Your whole arm to the side of your opponent
  • Strike downwards from the side to their ribs
  • Wrist angle goes from flexed to extended
  • Elbow out
  • Combine with SNT Laap
  • Related to Waang Pok Zoeng (High) in the 1st section

APPLICATIONS:

  • A strike from the side to the ribs with the heel of the palm
  • Better against opponents taller than you as their lower body is easier to hit

批手/pai1 SAU2/passing on HAND

ANGLES:

  • Similar to CK Laan Sau but with an open hand
  • Rotate front hand forward to a 1 hand Gaau Caa Sau palm down position
  • Zyun Maa as you do so
  • Back hand:
    • Elbow angle at 90°
    • Palm down
    • Fingers under your front hand
  • Like CK Cin Bong Sau, your 1st centreline is at a 45° angle from the front, however your arms are going straight forwards
  • To prepare for the 2nd Pai Sau, both palms turn upwards
  • Then rotate (1st circle) the forearms as you do the 2nd Pai Sau (with Zyun Maa)

APPLICATIONS:

  • Diagonal, outside and same side, outside (Ci Sau only)
  • Can be used as a strike with the wrist joint/3rd centreline or as a defensive move
  • Your elbow is being trapped high/do Pai Sau under your own elbow + Zi Zi Maa to escape
  • They straight or cross punch/you inside Hau Paak + Pai Sau facing their punching shoulder into elbow strikes or downwards Bin Kyun (from your Paak hand)

Saan Sau Ideas:

  • Punch/inside Tiu + Pai
  • Punch/same side Gam (or Cin Paak etc) + striking Pai
  • Punch/you same side Hau Paak + same side Cin Paak/Punch/diagonal, outside Pai

Ci Sau Ideas:

  • Same side, outside Pai sinking and pressuring their elbow (same as Laan Sau)
  • Diagonal, outside Laai + Pai (inside or outside their hand)

斬手/zaam2 SAU2/cutting HAND

ANGLES:

  • Use the last Pai Sau to reload to 90° before extending to 135° for Zaam
  • Same as SNT Zam Sau but palm up
  • Zyun Maa (turn body)

APPLICATIONS:

  • Same side, outside and diagonal, inside
  • You are being grabbed diagonally (e.g. right hand to right hand) + Punch/inside Zaam Sau with your free hand into Pek Sau (chop)

Saan Sau Ideas:

  • Punch/inside Zaam/2nd Punch/Pek into Doek (across your body) their neck
  • Punch/same side Gam (or Cin Paak etc) + striking Pai
  • Punch/you same side Hau Paak + same side Cin Paak/Punch/diagonal, outside Pai

Ci Sau ideas:

  • Same side, outside Zaam into Pai (coming under your own arm)

劈手/pek3 SAU2/cleaving HAND

ANGLES:

  • Rotate arm (1st circle) from Zaam – palm up to palm down as you Pek
  • Forearm is flat at the level of your shoulder
  • Hinge at the shoulder135° elbow throughout the Pek (more power with a longer lever arm than just hinging from the elbow)
  • Zyun Maa
  • 3rd centreline ends at a 45° angle from your 1st centreline (frontally)
  • Hit with the wrist joint

APPLICATIONS:

  • Same side, inside to a wide punch
  • Used as a strike if facing away from your opponent (or a 2nd opponent)
  • He pressures your high elbow/BZ Laap coming under your elbow with your free hand + Pek to their neck

Saan Sau Ideas:

  • Punch/you inside Zaam/wide Punch/inside Pek/uppercut/Doek (across your body) their uppercut

Ci Sau Ideas:

  • Same side, outside Gam + Pek

剁/doek3/chop (across your body)

ANGLES:

  • Like Deng Kyun (Hammer Punch – not in the form) but with an open hand and keeps going to end in a Haa Gaau Caa Sau position (low, 1 handed)
  • Rotate the forearm as you chop
  • Zyun Maa (turn body)
  • Hit with your wrist joint so that there is no chance of hitting with your fingers
  • Different from the Doek earlier in the form (Laap Caap section) which is behind your body

APPLICATIONS:

  • Inside or outside
  • Used to strike the arm of an incoming low strike in front of you or their neck if coming from a high position (e.g. after Pek or upwards Bin Kyun to a 2nd opponent) and they are shorter than you
  • Used if they have a weaponhurt their arm (rather than deflect) to increase the chance of them dropping it
  • Keep your elbow in – increases the power of the strike
  • Train against a pad facing diagonally upwards