A note on Cantonese

I use the ‘Jyut Ping’ (粵拼) Cantonese writing system as I have found it to be the most accurate.

For an excellent way to learn Cantonese pronunciation, see Fluent Forever. For a dictionary see CantoDict or use the Hanping Cantonese App for Android.

擸插/laap3 caap3/bringing together stab (palms to the side)

ANGLES:

  • Both hands come up first, palms facing you
  • Caap and Laap are then thrown to the side with Zyun Maa
  • Left hand Caap first, yet thrown to your right hand side
  • Caap (palm to side) is same angle as Soeng Teoi Wun
  • Palm of Caap is facing the side (not down like earlier Caap where palm is down)
  • Wrist of Caap is bent (ulnar deviation)
  • For palms down, see ‘Caap’ earlier in the form
  • Laap elbow angle is at 90°

APPLICATIONS:

  • Caap alone:
    • This is the striking version of Soeng Teoi Wunpalms facing each other
    • Caap is same 3 variations as Paak Daa (i.e. ‘double outside’, ‘double inside’ and ‘1 in 1 out’) or combine with ‘same side, outside’ SLT Gam Sau
    • Practice accuracy (not power) on pads to attack the eyes
    • Throw the wrist to flick the fingers to the eyes
  • Laap Caap together:
    • Can be applied frontally as well as to the side
    • Laap Caap is best inside their punch trapping their back hand
    • If doing outside they can hit you with their 2nd hand
    • Therefore do 1 hand outside Gaau Caa Sau first and then Laap Caap their 2nd Punch
    • Can replace the Caap with a different strike e.g. Pok Zoeng or Punch etc

剁/doek3/chop (behind your body)

ANGLES:

  • Like Hoi but keeps going to end in a Haa Gaau Caa Sau position (low, 1 handed)
  • Do ‘palm up’ after Caap, before rotating the forearm as you chop
  • Use Zyun Maa
  • Hit with your wrist joint so that there is no chance of hitting with your fingers
  • Different from the Doek later in the form (Pai Sau section) which is across your body

APPLICATIONS:

  • Inside or outside
  • Used to strike the arm of an incoming low strike behind you
  • Used if they have a weaponhurt their arm (rather than deflect) to increase the chance of them dropping it
  • Keep your elbow in – increases the power of the strike
  • Train against a pad facing diagonally upwards

裝手/zong1 sau2/pretending hand

ANGLES:

  • Like single-hand SNT Zat Sau but palm up and with Zyun Maa
  • From Doek you draw a small half-circle with your elbow as you Zong Sau
  • Use the 1st circle to rotate the forearm from palm down to palm up
  • Zyun Maa 90° after Doek so that you are facing at a 45° angle away from straight forward
  • Your Zong hand is like a Taan Sau relative to your 1st centreline
  • Back hand is Hau Sau (90° Taan Sau)
  • Zong Sau is related to BZ Zat Sau later in form

APPLICATIONS:

  • Same side, outside
  • Diagonal, inside is possible but you have to change quickly as you are not facing their 2nd hand
  • Train an exercise where you have done Doek to one opponent, and then are attacked by a 2nd opponent at an angle and do Zong Sau