A note on Cantonese

I use the ‘Jyut Ping’ (粵拼) Cantonese writing system as I have found it to be the most accurate.

For an excellent way to learn Cantonese pronunciation, see Fluent Forever. For a dictionary see CantoDict or use the Hanping Cantonese App for Android.

抽腳/cau1 goek3/drawing out foot [sweep]

ANGLES:

  • Ball of your foot touching the ground
  • Draw a half circle the diameter of your stance

APPLICATIONS:

  • Sweep their front leg inside or outside
  • Inside if you are square with your opponent
  • Outside if you are to the side of of your opponent
  • Can also sweep straight backwards in a line (the sweep just before Dai Zaang)

扱踭/kap1 zaang1/cover elbow [high]

ANGLES:

  • Draw a line with your elbow from up to down at a 45° angle (as viewed from the front)
  • Zyun Maa (turn body)
  • Elbow arm angle at 45°
  • Rear hand starts in a Hau Paak Sau position before doing a Mang Sau (when catching their punch late)
  • Elbow in line with your 1st centreline

APPLICATIONS:

  • Train with your rear hand collapsed by your opponent (diagonally) – can be up against a wall
  • Ci Sau – they ‘same side’ Waang Zaang (see below)/you ‘same side’ Kap Zaang over their elbow
  • Can Mang into Kap Zaang on the inside, however you will be facing away from their 2nd punch. Need to be quick to turn back and deal with the 2nd punch

插/CAAP3/STAB (palms down)

ANGLES:

  • Arms same as Fan Sau but with different hands
  • Hands are palms down with wrists bent and fingers to the side (ulnar deviation)
  • For palms to the side, see ‘Laap Caap’ later in the form
  • Elbows on the braces line

APPLICATIONS:

  • This is the striking version of Waang Teoi Wun
  • Only use 1 hand in practice
  • Same 3 variations as Paak Daa (i.e. ‘double outside’, ‘double inside’ and ‘1 in 1 out’) or combine with ‘same side, outside’ SLT Gam Sau
  • Practice accuracy (not power) on pads to attack the eyes
  • Throw the wrist to flick the fingers to the eyes

擸手/laap3 sau2/bringing together hand (single hand)

ANGLES:

  • Fingers curl ’round their arms’ as you pull backwards (opposite of SNT Dau Sau – Dau Sau is either forward or across your own body)
  • Elbows stay close to body
  • This is single BZ Laap – near the end of the form is double BZ Laap

APPLICATIONS:

  • Same side, inside, diagonal, outside or diagonal, inside (Ci Sau only)
  • Train in Saan Sau by transitioning from a 1 hand Gaau Caa Sau
  • Even though it can be dangerous to pull your opponent towards you, you now have elbows (e.g. Waang Zaang) to fight at close range and avoid being head-butted

Saan Sau Ideas:

  • Punch/double inside or outside Laap + Tik or Mang Pull their neck into Dai Zaang (low elbow – from the Laap hand) with Zyun Maa

Ci Sau Ideas:

  • Outside Hau Paak + diagonal, inside BZ Laap to their upper arm into Dai Zaang to their armpit
  • Same side, inside Laap + same side, outside Gam

横踭/waang4 zaang1/horizontal elbow

ANGLES:

  • Draw a line with your elbow from horizontally (as viewed from the front)
  • Zyun Maa (turn body) 90° and then step (Daan Bin Maa)
  • Elbow arm angle at 45°
  • Rear hand starts in a Hau Paak Sau position before doing a horizontal Mang Sau
  • Elbow in line with your 1st centreline

APPLICATIONS:

  • Same side, outside – can use elbow alone or with horizontal Mang Sau to help
  • Diagonal, inside – always use with horizontal Mang Sau
  • If doing Waang Zaang on the inside, make sure to turn back quickly to face their 2nd hand
  • Punch/LH Outside Waang Zaang into RH Caap coming under your elbow, into RH Straight Mang their back hand + Strike or LH Waang Mang back of their neck, into RH Kap Zaang

鏢指/BIU1 ZI2/DARTING FINGERS (palms down)

ANGLES:

  • Elbow angle at 175°
  • Elbow in line with your 1st centreline
  • Wrists turned in 45° (Siu Nim Tao Biu wrists turned in 90°)
  • Wrists neutral
  • Fingers at the level of your eyes

APPLICATIONS:

  • As in the form, can come under your Waang Zaang to strike or reach for their back hand to straight Mang Sau it
  • Same 3 variations as Paak Daa i.e. double outside, double inside and 1 in 1 out
  • Common combinations are with same side, outside Mang Sau, Gam or Zat Sau

前掹手/CIN4 MANG1 SAU2/FRONTAL PULLING HAND (STRAIGHT)

ANGLES:

  • Fingers grab to a fist at the same time that your forearms go backwards
  • Forearms go directly back to a fists by your sides position

APPLICATIONS:

  • Same side, outside and diagonal, inside
  • Has a ‘whipping’/’jerking’ quality on your opponent’s stiff arm when combining your fingers and forearm together
  • Follow up with Dai Zaang (same hand) or Kap Zaang (other hand)
  • Common combinations are with any Biu Zi or Caap

低踭/dai1 zaang1/low elbow

ANGLES:

  • Draw a line with your elbow from diagonally (as viewed from the front)
  • Zyun Maa (turn body) 90°
  • Elbow arm angle at 45°
  • Rear hand starts in a Hau Paak Sau position before doing a downwards Mang Sau
  • Elbow in line with your 1st centreline
  • Elbow goes no higher than the Gaau Caa Sau elbow position

APPLICATIONS:

  • Same side, outside – use downwards Mang Sau to help
  • Can strike to the elbow, ribs or stomach
  • Combine your elbow+Mang to break their elbow
  • Ci Sau – as well as combining with Mang, can also just use your elbowing hand to grab their hand of the arm you are elbowing
  • Punch/Same Side Waang Mang/Punch/Same Side Waang Mang into 2 Dai Zaangs to their body [2 quick punches]
  • Grabbed round neck+knee/2 Dai Zaangs quickly to their knee
  • BZ Double Laap into Dai Zaang to ribs under their Laaped arm

横撲掌/waang4 pok3 zoeng2/horizontal leaping palm (high)

ANGLES:

  • Hand starts by doing a Hyun to get round their arm to their side
  • Heel of the palm then continues round to hit them from the side at the level of your face
  • Wrist angle goes from flexed to extended
  • Elbow stays out
  • Combine with SNT Laap

APPLICATIONS:

  • A strike from the side to the face with the heel of the palm
  • Be aware that your 1st centreline is exposed as your elbow is out so combine with SNT Laap (forward)
  • Ideally Laap his front hand so that it blocks his back hand – again as your 1st centreline is vulnerable

穿腕/cyun4 wun2/piercing wrist

ANGLES:

  • Hand on your 1st centreline and at height of your ‘upper’ 3rd centreline (sternum)
  • Fingers of your hand going to the side like the 3 SNT Waang Zoengs
  • Elbow on your ‘braces’ line – not ‘elbow in’ otherwise they can Laap you more easily
  • Wrist goes from flexed to extended as palm goes forward

APPLICATIONS:

  • Diagonal, outside – reaching for their back hand or upper arm
  • Like Gam Sau, can do high to their shouldersame side, inside. Also like Gam, make sure to Gam their back hand