A note on Cantonese

I use the ‘Jyut Ping’ (粵拼) Cantonese writing system as I have found it to be the most accurate.

For an excellent way to learn Cantonese pronunciation, see Fluent Forever. For a dictionary see CantoDict or use the Hanping Cantonese App for Android.

鏢指/biu1 zi2/darting fingers

In our school there are only 2 sections so that the Gaang/Fat/Pai triad are not broken up.

Biu Zi focuses on the following:

  • Operating at a shorter range than Siu Nim Tao (e.g. elbow strikes, Got Sau)
  • Finger strikes (e.g. Caap)
  • At a disadvantage e.g:
    • Coming from a collapsed arms position (e.g. Pai Sau)
    • You are being Laaped and have to use your other arm (e.g. BZ Zat Sau/Zaam Sau)
    • Acting later than your opponent – behind on timing (e.g. Fat Sau)
  • New wrist angle (ulnar deviation) other than neutral (Taan), flexed (Fuk) and extended (Wu) from the previous forms

Arms should be at 135° (mid point between straight and 90°) unless otherwise stated.

下交叉手/haa5 gaau1 caa1 sau2/Lower blocking HAND

Angles:

  • Elbows on the braces line
  • Forearms point diagonally downwards if viewed from the side
  • ‘Blade’ (ulna) of forearm facing the floor
  • Arms touch at the 3rd centreline
  • Left arm over right
  • Covers strikes below your 2nd centreline and hence the lower half of your ‘rectangle

Applications:

  • Same as Siu Nim Tao 1st Section
  • One arm same side, outside or diagonal outside to a low strike below your 2nd centreline
  • For situations where you hands are up and back (fists drawn back position) and need to get down and forwards quickly
  • Use two arms for defence against a knee
  • Can tilt torso forward at the hip in order to fully cover the lower half of your ‘rectangle’

雙護手/soeng1 wu6 sau2/double protecting HAND

Angles:

  • Elbows on the ‘braces’ line
  • Tips of the fingers in line with the chin
  • Forearms pointing diagonally up if looking from the side
  • Forearms touch at the 3rd centreline and at the height of the upper arm 3rd centreline (see rectangle)
  • Left arm over right
  • Covers strikes above your 2nd centreline and hence the upper half of your ‘rectangle’

Applications:

  • Double outside1 hand forward trapping their back hand (same side, outside), 1 hand back
  • 1 hand diagonal, inside (trapping their back hand) + inside Hau Paak Sau – emphasise fingers going up – designed to get your hands up quickly when you are behind on timing

寸勁/cyun3 ging6/inch power

Angles:

  • Same as ‘Elbow In’ Punch but trained going from only a 90° elbow angle to 135°, and at 1-3 inches from target

Applications:

鏢指/BIU1 ZI2/DARTING FINGERS (palm up)

Angles:

  • Elbow angle at 175°
  • Elbow in line with your 1st centreline
  • Wrist turned out 45° (like Tiu Sau)
  • Wrist neutral
  • Fingers at the level of your eyes

Applications:

  • Same 3 variations as Paak Daa i.e. double outside, double inside and 1 in 1 out

下沉踭/haa5 cam4 Zaang1/downward sinking elbow

Angles:

  • Elbow angle at 90°
  • Elbow in line with your 1st centreline
  • Wrist at (like ‘Elbow Out’ Punch)
  • Wrist neutral
  • Fingertips at the level of your chin

Applications:

  • Similar to these 8 Punches but with an open hand:
    1. Gwaat Daa (same side, outside)
    2. Cyun Daa (same side, inside)
    3. Laai Daa (diagonal, outside)

上推腕/soeng5 teoi1 wun2/upward pushing wrist

Angles:

  • Elbow angle at 135°
  • Elbow in line with your 1st centreline
  • Wrist at (like ‘Elbow Out’ Punch)
  • Wrist bent to the side (ulnar deviation)
  • Index finger at the level of your chin (form is like a defensive move rather than strike to the eye)

Applications:

  • Used as a defensive move only – Soeng Caap (after Kap Zaang in form) is similar but for strike to the eyes
  • ‘Diagonal, outside’ aiming for their back hand or neck
  • Can combine with SLT Hau Paak Sau to reach past their neck, into BZ Straight Mang Sau (see below) to jerk their neck down (Muk Jan Zong – Dummy)

横推腕/waang4 TEOI1 WUN2/horizontal PUSHING WRIST

Angles:

  • Forearm same as 1 hand Gaau Caa Sau
  • Elbow angle at 135°
  • Elbow in line with your ‘braces’ line
  • 3rd centreline in line with your 1st centreline
  • Palm facing down
  • Wrist bent to the side (ulnar deviation)
  • Wrist turns at the same time that forearm moves

Applications:

  • Used as a defensive move only – Soeng Caap (after Kap Zaang in form) is similar but for strike to the eyes
  • ‘Same side, outside’, ‘diagonal, inside’ and ‘diagonal, outside’ (with LH Hau Paak)
  • From Ci Sau, can do ‘same side, outside’ by grabbing their hand and pulling their arm forward and across your body
  • Can ‘same side, outside’ into Waang Mang Sau (see below) into Biu to ribs
  • Can ‘diagonal, inside’ into inside BZ Laap + BZ Caap to eyes
  • Can LH Paak into ‘diagonal, outside’/they punch/you inside BZ Laap + Waang Zaang (elbow)

横沉踭/WAANG4 cam4 zaang1/horizontal sinking elbow

Angles:

  • Elbow angle at 90°
  • Hand in line with your 1st centreline and upper 3rd centreline (on your rectangle)
  • Elbow in ‘elbow out’ position
  • Wrist neutral
  • Palm facing down

Applications:

  • Similar application to CK Cam Zaang but move is much smaller and no Zyun Maa (turning)
  • Same side, inside and diagonal, outside
  • Can follow up with Caap (straight or wide)

横掹手/waang4 Mang1 sau2/horizontal pulling hand (wide)

Angles:

  • Elbow angle at 90°
  • Fingers grab to make a fist
  • Forearm goes down the line of the CK Gaau Caa Sau forearm
  • Hand in line with upper 3rd centreline (on your rectangle)
  • From above, hand is at 45° angle from your 1st centreline
  • Elbow in ‘elbow out’ position

Applications:

  • Same side, outside and diagonal, inside
  • Has a ‘whipping’/’jerking’ quality on your opponent’s arm when combining your fingers and forearm together
  • Can follow up with Biu Zi (see below) to strike under their ribs
  • In Ci Sau, can ‘diagonal, inside’ their upper arm Bong
  • Can Waang Mang their neck (rotate hand slightly so the back of your hand is facing you)
  • Follow up with Dai Zaang (same hand) or Kap Zaang (other hand)

鏢指/BIU1 ZI2/DARTING FINGERS (to the body)

Angles:

  • Elbow angle at 135°
  • Fingertips in line with 1st centreline
  • Elbow in ‘elbow out’ position
  • Wrist neutral
  • Palm facing down

Applications:

  • Used after Mang Sau to stab under their ribs