A note on Cantonese

I use the ‘Jyut Ping’ (粵拼) Cantonese writing system as I have found it to be the most accurate.

For an excellent way to learn Cantonese pronunciation, see Fluent Forever. For a dictionary see CantoDict or use the Hanping Cantonese App for Android.

Intro

To recap, the 4 ‘Slots’ are:

  1. Same side, outside (e.g. your left arm to their right punch)
  2. Same side, inside (e.g. your left arm to their right punch)
  3. Diagonal, outside (e.g. your right arm to their right punch)
  4. Diagonal, inside (e.g. your right arm to their right punch)

Notes:

  • Almost always combine a backward move with a forward move (e.g. a punch)
  • All backward moves finish with an elbow angle of either 45° (e.g. Hau Paak Sau), 90° (e.g. Laai Daa) or 135° (e.g. SNT/BZ Got Sau)
  • Train these moves in isolation, however in practice they are used when your front arm is already in a forward position and can go backwards directly from there
  • The examples below are 3 fists (from the 8 Punches) and 1 Hau Paak Sau (as you can’t use a fist to defend diagonally, inside)
  • As the examples below are only demonstrating the 4 slots, you can replace them with any backward move that fits that slot
  • It doesn’t matter if your front arm ends up inside or outside of their non-striking arm

1 – Same side, outside

刮打/gwaat3 daa2/scraping strike

Gwaat Daa 8 Punch - Practical Wing Chun

How?

  • Use your forearm or wrist to catch the punch from above
  • Bring your arm down in a circular motion
  • Keep your forearm pointing at your opponent’s nose

2 – same side, inside

穿打/cyun1 daa2/piercing strike

Cyun Daa 8 Punch - Practical Wing Chun

How?

  • Use your forearm or wrist to catch the punch from the side
  • Keep your wrist neutral – Cyun Daa will work as long as they are doing an ‘elbow in’ punch
  • Your forearm goes straight backwards along the line of the forearm itself

3 – diagonal, outside

拉打/laai1 daa2/pulling strike

Laai Daa 8 Punch - Practical Wing Chun

How?

  • Use your forearm or wrist to catch the punch from the side
  • Keep your wrist neutral – Laai Daa will work as long as they are doing an ‘elbow in’ punch
  • Your forearm goes straight backwards along the line of the forearm itself
  • Zyun Maa (turn body) as part of Laai Daa

4 – diagonal, inside

後拍打/hau6 paak3 daa2/behind clapping strike

Hau Paak Daa 8 Punch - Practical Wing Chun

How?

  • Use your palm to deflect or pull back the punch
  • Your Paak goes directly backwards next to your cheek